This thesis will compare the new Education Law in Bolivia to the education policies and strategies implemented in Guatemala. In their view, institutions are important primarily as mechanisms for facilitating redefinition of social roles and norms, socialization into and internalization of new norms, and continued actor learning. They have to be able to convince themselves that any proposed new process adds value to their work. Poor practices and inadequate support—implicitly included in the contingency factor—hurt some of the projects as well. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767041954, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0123693985002048, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444642417501397, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128169582000137, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0123693985002875, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767007567, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065245805660068, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B008043076700019X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767041826, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1386505614000446, Human–Environment Relationship: Comparative Case Studies, International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 13th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering (PSE 2018), Jaffer H. Ghouse, ... David C. Miller, in, Heather J. Hether, Christopher Calabrese, in, Douglass E. Post, ... Robert F. Lucas, in, ] widely used by the IT industry. Funding for these operations varies widely in scale and stability. Judith newman if youre not a real womens lib heroine would probably not the eastwest question; it is one of the united states were protective of their relationship with politics. Sometimes you will be determined by a study case comparative is what a theoretical foundation for studies concerned with investigating language in science teaching, 31(1), 212 268. This quantitative current advanced among those conducting case studies by the 1970s, such as Arend Lijphart (and later Ada Finifter). You will understand the nature of values that reinforce them, were central in the success july. The development of large, complex technical codes is inherently very risky. While these campaigns also received criticism, they each were, nonetheless, effective at making an impact on social media and achieving campaign goals. Instead, campaigns struggle to actively engage with participants beyond simple interactions. Single case studies vs. multiple case studies: A comparative study Johanna Gustafsson Academy of Business, Engineering and Science Halmstad University Halmstad, Sweden Keywords: Case study, single case study, multiple case studies Paper type: Literature review ABSTRACT There are several different definitions and kinds of case studies. The new methodologies should be tested in a way that does not add to the risks of important projects, and be adopted only when the methods have proved their worth. The comparative case study is the systematic comparison of two or more data points ("cases") obtained through use of the case study method.This definition has a number of implications. The University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Table VIII lists the size of the code in function points, the time estimated by Eq. I know are. Two of the projects eventually were successful in meeting later milestones after they had more development time. 2001). These lessons are generally not new. In this model, the required schedule and average team size are determined by the Function Point (FP) count (Eqs. It seemed impossible, and with the constitutional owning a gun and a counseling session with focus that leaves us with a valuable trade it s imperative that they tend to have students attain self-actualization as an opinion of the conventions of grammar as a product, and the student. Every code project we studied violated at least a few. As American sociologists generally define it, qualitative research differs from quantitative research in its greater dependence on the subjects of study (rather than on the sociologists studying the subjects) to define variables, historical sequences, and causal relationships. EDUCATION IN DESEGREGATION: COMPARATIVE CASE STUDY OF THE DESEGREGATION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN MISSISSIPPI by Elam Miller A thesis submitted to the faculty of The University of Mississippi in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Sally McDonnell Barksdale Honors College. 119997392009) entitled “A comparative study on financial performance of private and public sector banks with special reference to affecting factors and their impact on performance indicators” was conducted on The nature of comparative case studies may be explored from the intersection of comparative and case study approaches. We calibrated this model for scientific code projects using the. The rate limiting process for code development is the rate at which people can analyze problems and develop solutions. Many archives have both long-term governmental support and income from user fees; others subsist on small annual grants or support from individual universities. An example might be the use of extensive levels of templates and inheritance that complicates the code and leads to significant indirect addressing that impairs parallel performance by increasing the penalties due to high memory latency. 7. Such codes are a waste of resources and the efforts of creative people. Such development should be carried out as an independent activity. This is reflected in the quantitative analysis that follows in the next section. This chapter presents a comparative case study analysis of three campaigns that were highly successful in leveraging social media, and UGC in particular, in support of health-related goals. A good team is also a crucial deliverable for a successful project because all further progress must build on the team. While the “lessons learned” list may seem obvious and certainly contains no surprises, implementing them in practice is always challenging. Because this method examines possible configurations, and two or more different configurations may explain the same outcome in different cases, the qualitative comparative method should be contrasted with traditional (tabular) multivariate analysis. The Egret project was started roughly in 1992 and had a working prototype in 1994. Improving the physics is risky enough. Like anthropologists and psychologists, sociologists engaged in interviewing are generally trained to be sensitive to response bias and to be aware of how their rapport with their subjects, their ways of phrasing initial and follow-up questions, and their own verbal and nonverbal cues can distort the information they receive. Oxford May 2019 Approved by _____ When to do a case study. Qualitative research is also sometimes used in pilot studies and the early stages of inquiry, when research problems and relevant variables are being initially identified. 94 abstracts, randomly selected from For example, the Gull code project staff probably had a staffing level of about 50 for the first 4 or 5 years of its life instead of the 35 we assumed. The satisfaction and support of the users is the key success factor in long-lived codes. The quantitative analysis was a key element in establishing that these code projects had not been given a consistent set of requirements, resources and schedules. Because good records were not kept, it was also difficult to account for staff who worked on the code project but were part of other organizations. Shading denotes historical data; white background denotes computed estimates (Eqs. Model Technology Solutions puts your Windows network on cruise control. The complementarity of the two approaches has been recognized implicitly in the stream of policy analysis inquiring into how each of the mechanisms of persuasion, alteration of information, shift in the availability of opportunities to engage in particular behaviors, reward and punishment can be used to bring about desired behavioral change. The purpose of this research is to examine the way two New Zealand-based case study organizations, a tertiary institution and a primary industry organization, use the social networking site Bebo for communication. These configurations become the rows in a ‘truth table,’ and each row configuration is sequentially applied to an outcome with r categories (e.g., successful vs. unsuccessful outcome). Converse and Miller sought to share with their colleagues the election data they were collecting and also to use the new model of the National Election Studies to foster the collection of data on the re-emerging European democracies. Social media provide an innovative platform for health promotion, yet research suggests these platforms are not leveraged effectively. In the following sections we illustrate many of the issues defined in the sections above. To write a good compare-and-contrast paper, you must take your raw data—the similarities and differences you've observed—and make them cohere into a meaningful argument. By identifying the common elements that led to success or failure to achieve objectives and comparing them to the experience of the information technology (IT) community (e.g., [48,49,70,71]), we developed a set of recommended practices for large-scale technical code projects (Table VII). Conversations may call for special forms of disaggregation and analysis. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Both areas are crucial for success for technical software projects, and have special—and often not well understood—requirements. Comparative case studies involve the analysis and synthesis of the similarities, differences and patterns across two or more cases that share a common focus or goal in a way that produces knowledge that is easier to generalize about causal questions – how and why … A case study is an appropriate research design when you want to gain concrete, contextual, in-depth knowledge about a specific real-world subject. The code team and management must focus on providing what the customer both needs and wants. In addition, college and university campuses often have ‘data libraries’ that make data available to their faculty, staff, and students; most of these bear minimal archival responsibility, relying for that function on a national institution. These general scalings were modified to account for the added complexity and viscosity associated with developing scientific codes specifically for the nuclear weapons complex. Qualitative Comparative Case Study Analysis. Modus Operandi Analysis. Thesis Approval Form The viva-voce of the PhD Thesis submitted by Shri Gajera Alpeshkumar Chandulal (Enrollment No. In this view, the management of common pool resources and common sinks poses the toughest challenges to successful cooperation because they involve collaboration situations in which actors remain tempted to maximize short-term gain by violating their commitments. Transboundary environmental problems, in this analysis, are international level expression of the familiar problem of negative externalities, complicated by the fact more than one government is involved (see Environmental Policy: Protection and Regulation). Master thesis in Sustainable Development at Uppsala University, No. (7)). Run the code project like the project that it is, with requirements, deliverables, a sound plan, realistic schedules and adequate resources. … Jaffer H. Ghouse, ... David C. Miller, in Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 2018. (4) to develop the initial capability of the code project, the actual age of the code at the point it was expected to accomplish its first milestone, whether or not the project succeeded, the optimal code team size estimated from Eq. This orientation has led social practices theorists to focus on the conditions under which learning occurs and new beliefs become disseminated from small groups of initial advocates to wider segments of society (e.g., Clark et al. The first stream of work has highlighted such considerations as the greater difficulty of regulating large numbers of actors, each creating a small part of the problem, than a small number, each creating a significant part of it; the different opportunities for particular governments to regulate depending on whether those involved in an activity move from place to place (as in shipping) or remain in one place (as in mining); the impact of linkage or separation between costs and benefits of better environmental practice (for instance, the great difficulty of securing cooperation from upstream or upwind polluters); and the influence of changing cost–benefit ratios of environmentally superior action as new technology is developed or regulations alter the relative cost of continuing old rather than adopting new forms of activity. Functions points were not developed for technical software, but were the best measure available. duke university thesis karen » essay about the poem my papa waltz » introduction essay about christmas » Comparative case study method Then, the team is formed. Rockwell, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. IFDO provides for cooperation among the archives and has been of material assistance in assisting nascent archives, particularly by providing technical and organizational assistance to new archivists in developing countries. The Jabiru code project was started before 1992. Software Resource Estimates for the Comparative Case Study Projects*. Form the best team you can, support it, and help it “jell.” A good team is the strongest asset an institution can have. Table VII. T. Capers Jones lists the equivalent single lines of code (SLOC) per function point (FP) for the common computer languages [74] since computer languages have different information densities. We calibrated this model for scientific code projects using the comparative case study data. We found that the key predictor of success was the age of the code project and the amount of time allocated to complete the project and meet milestones. The University of Waikato - Te Whare Wānanga o Waikato. The process of triangulation among observers (ethnographers) can be expanded to include two (or more) cases. They will apply the same standard to software development methods that they apply to their science. Interview data may need to be analyzed according to themes, models, and frameworks. The Tern project was started over 30 years ago and was included for comparison and normalization. MASTER THESIS Candidate Number: 5636 Semester: Spring 2020 Author: Ina Caroline Solum Larsen Supervisor: Reidar Staupe-Delgado Master Thesis title: The likelihood for artificial meat production in Norway: A comparative case study of two actors _____ Subject words/key words: Artificial meat, in vitro meat, cultured meat, meat industry, meat Frederick Brooks put it another way: “Adding more staff to a late project will only make it later [75].” Ed Yourdon wrote a book entitled “Death March” about the disastrous consequences of overly ambitious code project schedules [76]. The case studies included metrics (code size, team size, age, etc.). Sixteen studies [39–54] were rated very low quality; most because of a cross-sectional design with serious risk for interdependency between assessments of the intervention and the outcomes, or because of serious weaknesses in the matching or use of adjustments that controlled for confounders. If adequate resources and schedule are not provided, the project will fail to meet its objectives on time. Yin (2004) has described case study methodology as a distinctive means of empirical enquiry particularly The other two did not meet their milestones and were eventually abandoned. Thank you for replying to an email from a graduate student in the United States and taking the time to work with me in completing my Master’s Thesis, I … It is also acknowledged by the growing attention paid among both rational choice and social practices theorists to the ways in which international institutions are affected by and affect domestic realignments that create new constituencies for environmental policies or alter the balance between existing constituencies. 6). First, we do not assume a particular purpose of the investigation, such as developing causal inferences or detailing historical occurrences. Function points are a weighted total of inputs, outputs, inquiries, logical files and interfaces [74,78]. A few studies in this category also compared two samples within the curriculum to each other and specified different conditions such as high and low implementation quality. The degree of innovative computer science in the code is of little interest to the user. Case studies and qualitative comparative analyses share a common explanatory limitation with quantitative models—they are fundamentally heuristic rather than definitive. The contractors had over 50 years of experience in this area, and know these requirements in detail. Twenty-one (66%) were cross-sectional, suggesting a risk of recall bias where participants’ perceptions of the outcomes may have influenced their perceptions of the preceding intervention. Where this was an issue, we used conservative estimates. The second is to recognize the pattern of causes that constitutes a modus operandi—modus refers to the pattern, while operandi refers to specific and ‘real’ causes. These similarities include the facilitation of online community, the cultivation of positive affect, the support of celebrity influencers, and the opportunity for creative self-expression. The program set the milestone for demonstrating the capability of each code project to be three and a half years (December 1999) after the beginning of the program (~ mid 1996) and three years after the date that many of the code projects were launched (~ January 1997). Identify the things your organization or institution does well and build on them. This is clear evidence that schedules and requirements must be consistent. Premises and logical structures of narrative and performance data may require content analyses as well as cultural and historical contextualizations and criticisms of sources. In the case study, the NLP and GDP frameworks yield similar solutions; however, the NLP framework using bypass streams requires fewer nonlinear function evaluations compared to the GDP solution, but a robust initialization scheme was necessary. This thesis conducts a comparative analysis of two case studies. Partly motivated by the case studies, the program management then developed a more realistic schedule for code development, placed more emphasis on the needs of the users and provided better support for the code teams. The range of policy solutions suggested for single countries, ranging from central government ‘command and control’ measures to ‘market-based measures’ resting on conducive property rights, taxation and regulatory regimes, can work across borders only if governments cooperate quite closely. With our Microsoft endpoint management services, you’ll watch your network security, compliance, and personnel free time go up and your costs, risks, and trouble tickets go down. 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